Seduction of the Innocent, published in 1954 by psychiatrist Dr. Frederic Wertham was one of the most impactful events in comic book history, leading to censorship in comics and the establishment of the Comics Code Authority  This category lists issues that were referenced in the book with Wertham's reasons for why comic books were damaging to the youth of America

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Gilberton ⋅ 1943
Low
$100
Mid
$400
High
$1k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comic Code Authority

Reason: Wertham felt these comics were preventing children from reading the actual novels

HRN stands for Highest Re-order issue Number on back cover - the lower the number the earlier the printing. Generally a first printing will have an HRN that matches the issue number on the front

Gilberton ⋅ 1943
Low
$120
Mid
$400
High
$1.6k

Key Facts

First comic book to feature a horror story throughout

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comic Code Authority

Reason: Mr. Hyde beats a little girl to death with his cane

[March 2022 - Eddie Izzard to play Dr. Nina Jekyll, who fears self-destruction from Mr. Hyde in reboot of classic horror production house, Hammer Studios]

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HRN stands for Highest Re-order issue Number on back cover - the lower the number the earlier the printing. Generally a first printing will have an HRN that matches the issue number on the front

Gilberton ⋅ 1943
Low
$75
Mid
$225
High
$850

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: a stereotypical character profile of African Americans that failed to capture the humanity of the source material

HRN stands for Highest Re-order issue Number on back cover - the lower the number the earlier the printing. Generally a first printing will have an HRN that matches the issue number on the front

Chesler Dynamic ⋅ 1946
Low
$65
Mid
$200
High
$725

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: a woman wearing a skirt has one leg fastened to a chair and the other raised and tied to a box as a man approaches her with a hot poker

Chesler Dynamic ⋅ 1946
Low
$55
Mid
$175
High
$620

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent which led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: two criminals drain the blood of an unconscious woman into a jar

Lloyd Jacquet Studios ⋅ 1946
Low
$25
Mid
$75
High
$235

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: Wertham writes, 'a man hanged from a tree, a Negro in chains, a girl about to be raped and massacred...is that what you want your children to think is the history of your United States'

Magazine Enterprises ⋅ 1947
Low
$400
Mid
$1.2k
High
$4.5k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: a woman is tied to a post and repeatedly lashed by a man whose love she denied

Gilberton ⋅ 1947
Low
$50
Mid
$150
High
$500

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: Wertham describes the first eight pages of this comic as being gratuitously violent and a poor representation of the source material

HRN stands for Highest Re-order issue Number on back cover - the lower the number the earlier the printing. Generally a first printing will have an HRN that matches the issue number on the front

Gilberton ⋅ 1947
Low
$60
Mid
$175
High
$660

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: panels of a blindfolded man, tied to a chair with his eyes gouged out

Low
$12
Mid
$35
High
$100

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: after witnessing the beating of an old man, a woman explains how she has become desensitized to witnessing the violence that used to disturb her

Commercial Comics ⋅ 1948
Low
$15
Mid
$55
High
$150

Key Facts

Biography of Harry S Truman

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: false account of history, Truman's inspiration to run for president incorrectly credited

Fiction House ⋅ 1948
Low
$35
Mid
$100
High
$315

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: Wertham claims there is a hidden drawing of a nude female on a man’s shoulder (see image overlaid on cover, turned sideways)

Fox ⋅ 1948
Low
$1.6k
Mid
$5.5k
High
$16k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: commonly known as a 'Headlights Cover' referring to a woman's breasts

Orbit-Wanted ⋅ 1948
Low
$20
Mid
$70
High
$220

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: an honest politician is murdered by a man who says 'bullets are better than ballots,' to which the narrator replies, 'ah, the impulsive boy. He's absolutely fearless. Why can't everyone be like that?"

Fox ⋅ 1948
Low
$160
Mid
$550
High
$1.6k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: a girl nailed by the wrists to a tree with blood flowing from her wounds

Low
$100
Mid
$300
High
$1.1k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: Wertham said, ‘adolescent boys call these Headlight Comics’ referring to the depiction of breasts

Fiction House ⋅ 1948
Low
$120
Mid
$400
High
$1.2k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: an alien threatens to burn a woman's eyes out with an electric prong

Low
$25
Mid
$75
High
$280

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: Wertham calls a map drawn by criminals 'a comic-book map for crime'

Low
$7.5k
Mid
$24k
High
$75k

Key Facts

Cover art by Matt Baker

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: Wertham writes of the cover art, 'sexual stimulation by combining headlights with the sadist's dream of tying up a woman' -headlights a reference to her breasts

📣 Signature Auction: New High [Previous High]

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3.5 sold for $28,800 [$11,400 in 2021] +153%

Fox ⋅ 1948
Low
$170
Mid
$575
High
$1.7k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: a female character expresses that a gentleman does not hit a woman with a blackjack, he uses his fists

Lev Gleason ⋅ 1948
Low
$18
Mid
$55
High
$180

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: provides instructions on how to steal from the blind

Low
$25
Mid
$270
High
$225

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: the main character believes that those who disobey his orders deserve to be killed feels guilty after murdering a deaf man

D.S. ⋅ 1948
Low
$120
Mid
$400
High
$1.2k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: a mother teaches her children to kill the police and a man chokes a high school girl to death because she denied him a kiss

Magazine Village ⋅ 1948
Low
$210
Mid
$675
High
$2.3k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: a man threatens to stab a woman in the eye with a syringe and criminals drag two men to their death on a gravel road, optimal for 'erasing faces'

Lev Gleason ⋅ 1948
Low
$18
Mid
$55
High
$180

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: gratuitous violence

Reprinted from True Crime Comics #2

Low
$50
Mid
$200
High
$500

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: Wertham said, ‘adolescent boys call these Headlight Comics’ referring to the depiction of breasts

Low
$55
Mid
$160
High
$600

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: criminals drain the blood of a woman, reprinted from Red Seal Comics #16

Magazine Enterprises ⋅ 1948
Low
$25
Mid
$80
High
$250

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: the most predominant word 'GUNS' is irresponsibly marketed to children

Lev Gleason ⋅ 1948
Low
$20
Mid
$60
High
$190

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: a criminal instructs his partner to punch a man in the eye using brass knuckles and to twist them upon impact

Lev Gleason ⋅ 1948
Low
$18
Mid
$55
High
$180

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: Wertham criticizes the publisher of this issue who displayed the comics code logo but did not adhere to the rule that no blood is to be shown

Low
$40
Mid
$150
High
$400

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: Wertham said, ‘adolescent boys call these Headlight Comics’ referring to the depiction of breasts

Low
$150
Mid
$500
High
$1.5k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: violent women 'giving children an image of American womanhood'

Low
$18
Mid
$55
High
$165

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: a poor representation of what Mark Twain's novel is about due to gratuitous violence including an eye gouge

Price Trend
Low
$80
Mid
$250
High
$875

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: erotic hanging

Low
$80
Mid
$215
High
$775

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: Tegra sprays fiery radium dust on the exposed breasts of another woman

Essankay ⋅ 1948
Low
$120
Mid
$400
High
$1.2k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: a couple is shown with bullet holes in their heads and stab wounds in their chests

Four Star ⋅ 1948
Low
$150
Mid
$500
High
$1.5k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: the cover 'has nothing to do with medicine and is unmistakably sadistic'

Low
$45
Mid
$140
High
$525

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: specializes in highly accentuated and protruding breasts in practically every illustration

Low
$100
Mid
$300
High
$1k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: a plot revolving around a man encouraging Americans to not 'let foreigners take our jobs,' suggesting the world is a violent and hateful place

Fawcett ⋅ 1948
Low
$12
Mid
$40
High
$125

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: two boys find a box with a man's amputated hands inside

Once Upon A Time ⋅ 1948
Low
$12
Mid
$35
High
$215

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: Wertham writes, 'this book is the usual parade of invitation to sadistic perversion, race hatred and violence for violence's sake'

Low
$55
Mid
$170
High
$600

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: Injury-to-eye violence

St. John ⋅ 1948
Low
$110
Mid
$330
High
$1.2k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: a woman wearing a skirt has one leg fastened to a chair and the other, raised and tied to a box as a man approaches her with a hot poker

Reprint of Dynamic Comics #17

Archie ⋅ 1948
Low
$10
Mid
$30
High
$90

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: Super Duck is poised, ready to beat a rabbit with a baseball bat

Low
$90
Mid
$270
High
$1k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: cover art depicting women engaged in a gunfight with police

Low
$175
Mid
$525
High
$1.9k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent which led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: a panel depicts the corpses of two men 'strung up by their wrists'

Low
$570
Mid
$1.8k
High
$5.7k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: sexual innuendo of a woman speaking to a man saying, "ya ain't gonna shoot anybody with dat rod are ya?"

Hillman ⋅ 1948
Low
$12
Mid
$40
High
$110

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: inspires children to attack other children due to a story about a mother who orders and supervises the beating of slow-paying customers to her criminal enterprise

DC ⋅ 1948
Low
$100
Mid
$300
High
$1.1k

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: a policeman is shot in the mouth with a water pistol and also advertisements for B-B guns

Low
$50
Mid
$150
High
$540

Key Facts

Referenced in Seduction of the Innocent, led to establishing the Comics Code Authority

Reason: the hero displays racism after throwing bombs and a man from a plane while yelling 'bombs and bums away'

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